Germany is one of the main immigration destinations in the world. However, what makes it so attractive – a strong economy, legendary cleanliness and order – can make life difficult for would-be migrants.
You must have a good reason to move. Most often, these include studying, working, family reunification or marriage, owning a business in the country, or national roots. Of course, the country provides asylum to refugees.
Benefits of moving to Germany
Germany has a high standard of living, and skilled labor is well paid. The laws are strictly observed in the country, citizens enjoy numerous freedoms.
Local residents are calm about representatives of other ethnic groups and religions. This is not surprising, because more than a quarter of modern Germans have foreign roots .
The country’s authorities consider the relocation of skilled migrants one of their priorities, so they are trying to create favorable conditions for them. However, far from everyone is expected … But more on that later.
Living in the country, including foreigners, enjoy such social benefits as high-quality medicine and education. Schools and universities in Germany are almost completely free, while German universities are considered among the best in the world.
Cons of immigration
Germany only in exceptional cases allows a second citizenship, so you will need to choose which of the passports is more important to you. Those who earn a lot, waiting for high taxes on income. The German bureaucracy is the flip side of order. You will need to collect a lot of documents, and a mistake can be expensive. Violators of numerous rules have to pay high fines.
How to move to Germany?
The scheme of moving for most cases is similar. The first step is to understand on what basis you will do this and whether your chances are great. After that, you will need to collect documents and obtain a national visa D. With it, you will move to the country and already there you will apply for a residence permit, always on the same basis. After a few years of residence in the country, it will be possible to apply for permanent residence, and more often – immediately for citizenship.
One of the main requirements is knowledge of German. For some migration options, the entry level A1 is enough, for others you will need to know it well.
General documents for immigration
The main package of documents includes:
certificate confirming knowledge of the German language.
All documents must be translated into German and notarized.
Immigration through education
Getting an education in Germany is one of the best options for moving. It will be much easier for a specialist with a German diploma and experience of living in Germany to find a job than a foreigner who is trying to do it from abroad. And after a graduate of a German university, his parents or other relatives can move to the country.
German education is highly rated in the world, and studying at the university is free – the student only needs to pay a semester fee (up to € 300 for half a year), which finances preferential travel, access to the library, additional courses, etc. The only exceptions are the universities of Baden-Württemberg, where one semester costs about €1,500.
There are no entrance exams in German universities, but there are a number of general requirements for applicants:
Language skills: minimum level – B2/C1. For those who fall short, there are language courses at universities, but for admission to them, as a rule, a level of at least B1 is required.
Complete secondary education according to German standards. And this is 12-13 years of study. Therefore, with a Russian certificate, it will not be possible to immediately enter a German university.
A year of study at a university in their home country or in another country can act as an intermediate stage, but many students come to Germany to Studienkolleg. These are special educational institutions at universities, which during the year “pull up” foreigners to study at German universities. Studying there is also free (again, except for Baden-Württemberg), but the student will have to fully pay for his life in Germany, so applicants are checked for the availability of funds to live in the country. In addition, they have quite serious entrance exams.
While studying, students can work, but with restrictions. In general, employment should not exceed 20 hours per week with a maximum salary of €450 per month. You can work more on the territory of the university in a specialty close to the profile of education (assistant at the department).
In addition to the standard package, you will need:
Certificate or other document confirming education.
An invitation from an educational institution.
Proof of sufficient funds (if you plan to study at preparatory courses) – €10,000 per year.
Underage students will also need a notarized parental consent and confirmation from a guardian in Germany.
immigration through employment
In 2020, a new migration law came into force in Germany , which greatly simplified the movement of specialists with higher and specialized education to the country. Unlike many other EU countries, such a noticeable obstacle as the mandatory preliminary publication of a vacancy in a common database has disappeared. This created an advantage in obtaining work for residents of the European Union, and now foreigners compete with them on an equal footing.
However, another important requirement has not gone away: knowledge of the language. You must have a certificate with a level of at least B1 in your hands, for doctors the lower threshold is B2. As well as a diploma confirming qualifications. But, with these documents, you can move to the country without even having a contract in hand. True, in this case it will be necessary to confirm the availability of means of subsistence for the months that you will be looking for a job.
Confirmation of education and qualifications
A foreign diploma or other document evidencing the acquired profession must be compared with the German one. In order to be able to do this, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has created a special database , which includes most of the world’s educational institutions with a note about the comparability of diplomas. If your specialty or university is not in the database or no match was found for the diploma, you will need to evaluate the document on education. This is done at the Office for Foreign Education ( ZAB ).
However, for some positions this is not enough. There are so-called “regulated professions” in the country, which include doctors, engineers, lawyers, teachers, and architects. Representatives of these specialties will need to study additionally, undergo internships, and pass state exams. More about this – on a special resource .